Türkiye, the modern and developed country, with its history and ancient civilization. Turkiye is a large peninsula that bridges the continents of Europe and Asia. The country is surrounded on three sides by the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Aegean Sea. Istanbul, the largest city in Türkiye, is built on land in the Bosporus seaway. Istanbul is partly in Europe and partly in Asia. Türkiye has a total area of 783.562 square kilometers, of which 769.632 square kilometers are land and 13.930 square kilometers of water, so it is the richest country in the Middle East with water sources. Türkiye is the 37th largest country in the world in terms of land area.

Geographical Location

Türkiye is a large peninsula that bridges the continents of Europe and Asia. Türkiye is surrounded on three sides by the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Aegean Sea. Istanbul, the largest city in Türkiye, is built on land in the Bosporus seaway. The city is partly in Europe and partly in Asia.
These geographical regions were separated according to their climate, location, flora and fauna, human habitat, agricultural diversities, transportation, topography, etc. At the end, 4 coastal regions and 3 inner regions were named according to their proximity to the four seas surrounding Türkiye, and their positions in Anatolia.

A Brief History of Türkiye

Modern Türkiye was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa Kemal, who was later honored with the title Ataturk, or “Father of the Turks.”

Under his authoritarian leadership, the country adopted wide-ranging social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democratic Party and the peaceful transfer of power.

Culture of Türkiye

Türkiye is a large country situated on the crossroads between Europe and Asia. Its geographic position between these continents has exposed Turkish society to both Eastern and Western influences – from the Eastern Mediterranean and Eastern Europe to Central Asia and the Caucasus. As a result, the culture hosts unique blends of both traditional and modern conventions as well as religious and secular practices. Indeed, Turks continue to negotiate their identity as some of the most secular people in the Islamic world.

Climate and Nature

Türkiye has a diversified climate, its regions contrast from each other due the diverse nature of the landscape, and particularly for the existence of mountains running parallel to the coasts.

In the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts the climate is cool with rainy winters, and hot, moderately dry summers in contrast to the Black Sea coast that receives the greatest amount of rainfall.

The climate in the Black Sea area is wet and warm on summer the average is 23°C and on winter 7°C.

Western Anatolia as well as the southern coast of Anatolia has a mild Mediterranean climate with average temperatures of 9°C in winter and 29°C in summer.

Covering over 300,000 square miles, the European destination’s rich and diverse food is largely thanks to its landscape.This includes olive oil based dishes from the Mediterranean Coast, hearty pastries from central Anatolia, subtle spicy flavors from the east and southeast, and that’s just for starters.

Piyaz – Antalya’s piyaz salad is one of the Turkish city’s most famous dishes.
Located in northwest Türkiye, Bursa is famous for three things — silk, the ski fields of Uludag and a type of kebab called Iskender.
Hamsi, aka European anchovy, is a staple in Turkish Black Sea kitchen. In the city of Rize, the slender fishes are prepared with rice to make Hamsili Pilav.
According to Ottoman explorer Evliya Celebi, who roamed far and wide in the 17th century, lahmacun takes its name from the Arabic word lahm-i acinli.

The most prominent tourist attractions:

Hagia Sophia Museum: It is one of the most beautiful architectural monuments in Istanbul, this place combines sanctity and luxury, which was a Christian cathedral, and when the arrival of the Islamic conquest of Istanbul they converted it into a mosque, but after the end of Ottoman rule in Istanbul It became a historical museum .

Bosphorus Bridge: The Bosphorus is the water body that divides the city of Istanbul into two parts, the section of Asia and the European section.

Taksim Square: The famous Taksim Square, which is intended for Arab and foreign tourists from all over the world, where the number of visitors to this region nearly 3 million people on a daily basis. Taksim Square is located in the heart of Istanbul. Taksim Square is a major center for many activities. It is also a major tourist destination. It includes the famous Istiklal Street which contains many shops, archaeological buildings, libraries , banks , Cinema , cafes and various local and international restaurants .

Bursa Teleferik was put into service in 1963 as Türkiye ‘s first cable car line and was renewed in 2012. Bursa Cable Car, which is one of the longest cable car lines in the world with a length of 8,837 meters, with a capacity of 1500 people and 140 cabins; It reaches Uludağ Ski Center with Kadıyayla Station, Sarı Alan Station and 2nd Region Hotels Station.

Located on the skirts of Uludağ, at an altitude of 2,543 meters, 31 kilometers from the center of Bursa, Uludağ Ski Center is among the most popular and popular ski resorts not only in Türkiye but also in Europe. In Uludag, where tourism opportunities are highly developed, you can have a beautiful winter holiday in 5-star ski hotels, bungalow hotels and wooden-architecture forest mansions that offer magnificent nature and ski slope views.

Here is a selection of the best destinations to visit during your stay in Türkiye. Istanbul is undoubtedly the tourist capital of Türkiye but its real capital, Ankara, is well worth a visit, as are the magnificent seaside resorts of Izmir, Antalya, Bodrum and Marmaris. If you have time, don’t hesitate for a second and plan a real road trip in Türkiye. Travel from Istanbul to Kars by visiting the best hidden gems in Türkiye: Alaçati, the natural pools of Pamukkale, Cappadocia, the Nemrut Dagi Mountain or the Sumela Monastery in Macka.

Stay in the most beautiful region of Türkiye. Cappadocia is home to gems of rare beauty such as the Goreme National Park, Uçhisar and its thousand-year-old castle, Byzantine tombs, phallic rocks and troglodyte hotels.You can discover the wonders of Cappadocia on a guided highlights tour or fly over the region and experience the beauty of Cappadocia from above in a balloon flight. The sunrise over this region is an unforgettable sight.

There are many tourist places in Trabzon, where you have many options to spend the most beautiful times in life. Like a magnet, Trabzon attracts tourists from around the world, one of the most attractive tourist spots. Arab tourists find Trabzon a distinctive tourist flavour. Some of Trabzon’s most beautiful tourist destinations include:

Uzungol is one of Trabzon’s most popular tourist areas. It is a lake with extraordinary elegance and distinctive charm, topping the beauty and splendour of all other lakes around it. Uzungol Lake is 90 km from the city centre, surrounded by green mountains from all sides.

Located in the Macka area, amidst Trabzon forests, Sumela Monastery is 48 km south of Trabzon city centre. It was built in 386 AD, at an altitude of 1200 meters, with a beautiful view of the Macka region. Sumela Monastery is one of the most wonderful tourist places.

Haider Nabi Heights is one of the most spectacular tourist places in Trabzon, located about 55 km from Trabzon city centre, 1.600 metres above sea level. It is famous for its charming sights of fog and clouds touching it, surrounded by springs and lakes, making it splendorous.

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